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Knee Replacement

Total Knee Replacement

A total knee replacement Indore is a surgery in which the affected knee joint is replaced with a prosthesis or an artificial material. Usually in this procedure, the terminal of the femur bone is replaced completely with a metalshield. The tibia, which is the end of the lower leg bone, is replaced with a piece of plastic having a metal stem. In this surgery, the posterior cruciate ligament, which is responsible to stabilize both sides of the knee joint, is either sacrificed, or replaced with a polyethylene post.

Patients with a damaged knee joint, due to trauma, arthritis, or any other destructive diseases, are advised to undergo a total knee replacement surgery.

Partial or Uni Compartmental Knee Replacement

Partial knee replacement is an operation, in which, only a part of the affected knee is replaced. In this surgery, either the kneecap, or the lateral (outside), or the medial (inside) part of the knee is replaced. Cases that require this operation arise due to arthritis, or damage to the tissues due to other reasons, arrive at only a certain part of the knee. The prosthesis is used to replace the affected area, keeping the rest of the knee sustained.

Before the surgery, patients are given general or regional anesthesia. Since the incisions are less, due to a small affected area, partial knee replacements in Indore have a small recovery time.

Knee trauma after replacement

Knee replacement operations in Indore are not rare. In fact, they are one of the most common surgeries in the world. After the surgery, almost 90% of the patients will be pain relieved and can continue to live hassle-free. But there are certain cases in which the pain does not go, and success is not attained post-surgery.

Following are common causes of trauma after a knee replacement surgery:

  • Wearing or loosening of the implant
    This is commonly the root of problems, but appears after a considerable time post-surgery.
  • Infection
    A very serious concern, as any increase in acute pain, can be a result of infection. If the discomfort is persistent, an expert must be consulted immediately.
  • Kneecap problems
    A good performance of the kneecap is a challenge, even for a skilled surgeon. Because of the incredible forces applied to the prosthesis, simple activities like walking and getting up from a chair will become painful.
  • Alignment issues
    Since most people are concerned about the right brand, as opposed to the right fit and design, there are alignment problems after surgery which increase the pain. Functioning becomes a huge challenge, so choose the right implant by consulting with an expert. Always prioritize the fit and design over the brand.

Revision surgery after knee replacement

Although the modern implants are built to last for 10-20 years, it is possible for the prosthesis to wear out or break after the timeline. Those who are obese and indulge in numerous intensive activities, chances are that the prosthesis will fail earlier than the stipulated time.

After the knee replacement fails, a revision surgery becomes imminent. In this type of surgery, the old prosthesis is replaced with a new one. But it is challenging for a surgeon to conduct this surgery, as it is more complicated than the primary knee replacement Indore, which is why the patient must consult an expert.

PRP (stem cell) treatment for arthritis: Stem cell treatments are gaining pace with the passage of time. Because stem cells have the ability to blend with the environment, transform to any type of tissue as required, and multiply at an appreciable rate, the advocates of this surgery are growing more and more. It is believed that if the stem cells are placed beside an affected cartilage, the cells grow as cartilage tissues and help in solving the case, which is the factor around which the treatment revolves.

Stem cells are applied through injections or via the arthritis joint in the affected area. To deliver the cells accurately in the right area, physicians take help of medical imaging techniques, such as ultrasound. As of yet, a concrete guideline representing who should get the stem cell treatment has not been drafted yet. Doctors advise this surgery depending on the severity of the case and the overall health of the patient.